A robot with an advanced artificial intelligence bested 80% of human students in the recent Tokyo University entrance exam.
Interestingly, not only did it reveal what can still be improved about AI technology, it also exposed a flaw in human education that needs to be addressed, an AI expert pointed out.
The machine, dubbed as Todai Robot, is part of a project by Japan’s National Institute of Informatics that aims to understand the types of intellectual abilities machines will be able to replace in the labor market. In 2011, the program initiated the development of Todai, an AI that was supposed to be “smart” enough to enter Japan’s most prestigious university.
While Todai failed to achieve passing scores in Tokyo University’s 2016 entrance exam to gain admission, it did perform in the top 20% of exam takers, according to Business Insider. The score is also enough to enter more than 63% of the universities in Japan.
At the 2017 TED Conference, project director Noriko Arai explained that instead of being impressed, she found it alarming that the robot answered questions correctly without actually understanding a thing. Arai pointed out that while the result was able to show that machines indeed have the potential to replace a huge part of the global workforce, it also highlighted a flaw in human education.
Arai observed that just like her Todai robot, which fails to absorb meaning, human children also ingest facts without comprehension. Todai, which has 15 billion sentences in its memory, still failed to answer a multiple choice question whose answer would have been obvious even to young children. However, in Arai’s follow-up tests, she found that easy questions can sometimes also stump humans.
As humans, we can read and understand, which Arai noted computers cannot do yet. That is why we are more adept to problem-solving, pattern recognition, and doing creative endeavors.
However, the research revealed that AI will eventually surpass human memory and cognition in the near future, and humans not being able to keep up with machines should be a cause for concern.
To prepare for a future wherein AI exceeds human capacity, Arai figured that a better education system is needed. She suggested an education in which kids are taught not just to collect and memorize facts, but also to analyze and think critically about them.
“So we have to think about a new type of education,” Arai said. “How we humans will coexist with AI is something we have to think about carefully, based on solid evidence. At the same time, we have to think in a hurry because time is running out.”